Is There Gluten in Canola Oil and How it is Made

  • Most cooking oils are naturally gluten free, same goes for Canola oil.
  • Canola oil got his name from the mixture of Canada and oil.
  • To make Canola oil you take Canola seeds and slightly heat them and then crushed to extract canola oil.
  • Canola oil has many benefits to it and is a great addition to your daily diet.

Is Canola oil gluten free? On the journey for gluten free living, I asked this question myself in the past many times. is there gluten in Canola oil or not? It’s not that straight forward when you think about it, and in this post we will cover what Canola oil is, how it’s made, and if it’s safe to eat.

 Most cooking oils are naturally gluten free, and therefore, canola oil is no exception. 

While the above statement pretty much answers our question, there is a lot more to the story.

Pure canola oil is considered naturally gluten free; however, there’s a chance that some impurity may find its way into the oil during the manufacturing process. As a result, it may have hints of the gluten protein.

Gluten is a composition of protein, which comprises of smaller gliadin and glutelin protein molecules. It is found in rye, kamut, grains, oats, and barley.

The gluten content present in every product may range differently, such as wheat, which contains 80% of the protein. 

This is your go-to guide on all you need to know about canola oil, its gluten containment, as well as its benefits and different types of canola oils available in the market.

Is There Gluten in Canola Oil – What Is Canola Oil?

is there gluten in canola oil - what is it
via thesouthafrican

Created by Canadians, ironically, the word canola itself is a combination of words derived from ‘Canadian’ and ‘oil.’ 

Canola is a vegetable oil extracted from rapeseed (Brassica napus L) that is crossbred to have fewer compounds, such as erucic acid and glucosinolates, which are naturally present in rapeseed.

For a company to use the name ‘canola,’ their product must possess 30 micromoles of glucosinolates and less than 2% of erucic acid. 

Is Canola oil gluten free?

The simple answer would be yes, pure canola oil is entirely safe for you to consume, it is nutritious and healthy, and gluten free. The problem, however, lies in the production process. 

Related: Is vegetable oil gluten free | Is sesame oil gluten free

Pure canola oil does not cause allergic reactions in your body. It is safe to consume and prevents free radicals from forming in your body. It’s best if you use pure canola oil while cooking. It tastes not only delicious but also has numerous health benefits.

Canola Oil Processing 

Canola seeds are slightly heated and then crushed to extract canola oil. Most commercial processes require that canola oil is extracted using a hexane solvent.

The canola oil is then refined using organic acid and water precipitation to get rid it of free fatty acids and gums, and is filtered to remove color; eventually, it is deodorized using steam distillation.

Types of canola oil

  • Type I: Crude Super Degummed Canola Oil – super/acid degumming is a treatment solution that contains water and acid. It is necessary that the seeds undergo this process before physical refining takes place.

Using citric acids showed results of lower residual phosphorus levels present in the oil, thus improving its color, oxidative stability, and flavor. However, some manufacturers prefer to use phosphoric acid to eliminate chlorophyll. 

  • Type II: Crude Degummed Canola Oil – Degumming is the first stage of refining edible oil since it removes phospholipids, other mucilaginous materials, and all traces of metal ions. This process gives oil preserving abilities. 
  • Type III: Crude Canola Oil – Crude Canola Oil contains significant amounts of desirable and undesirable minor ingredients, all of which make it edible. It primarily contains triacylglycerols.

Benefits of pure canola oil

  • Low saturated fats contain omega-6 and omega-3, which is good for the brain. 
  • Lower cholesterol levels and reduced risk of heart disease
  • Rich in monounsaturated fatty acids that prevent the risk of strokes with a positive blood lipid profile. 
  • Contains vitamin E, which makes it good for skin
  • It has the highest smoke point of -450 degrees F, resulting in lesser absorption of oil in fried foods.

Some Pure Canola Oil Options

Crisco Canola Oil

The Crisco brand does not disappoint when it comes to using natural ingredients and plant-based oils. They label their oil as pure, which is perfect to meet your daily culinary desires.

Main features

  • 100% pure
  • 100% natural

Wesson Canola Oil

This brand has a large collection of canola oils that come at different packaging and prices. Their oil is light, contains no trans fats, and possesses a neutral taste that does not mix with the ingredients in your dish. 

Main Features

  • USDA certified
  • 100% pure

Kirkland Signature Canola Oil

The light flavor of canola oil is what sets it apart from other oils, and Kirkland is a brand known to fulfill that expectation. It contains a neutral taste and is 100% pure, and therefore has all the health benefits of pure canola oil. 

Main features

  • 100% pure
  • Light-neutral taste

Things to Look Out For 

Canola oil is often mixed with other flavors and additives that increase the risk of contaminating the oil with gluten.

Although canola oil is tested to ensure that there is no detectable protein in it, there are concerns as the canola plants are grown together with wheat plants or may have previously been used for the cultivation of wheat.

Therefore, it is not unusual for the oil to have traits similar to gluten-present oil. Therefore, there’s always an increased risk of canola oil containing hints of protein. 

Pure canola oil is healthy, while some forms of ‘refined’ canola oil brands may have adverse effects on your body, and some may contain gluten. You should purchase canola oil that is labeled ‘pure,’ and if you have doubts, it is best to contact the manufacturer. 

Refining or heating the oil too much makes it lose its healthy properties, which is harmful.

The bottom line

The takeaway lesson here is that pure canola oil is gluten-free. However, the issue is that ‘pure’ canola oil may be impure due to multiple reasons, for instance, cross-contamination and refined canola oil may contain hints of protein, which do not make it gluten-free. 

When making a purchase, always be sure to check the label and read the ingredients. If you still have second thoughts, feel free to call the manufacturer or check their website.


About the Author: Johnny

I am the senior editor and writer of Gluten Free Heroes, before that, I wrote for various well established online magazines about food and health. I love working out, traveling and eating healthy.